Topiramate is used alone or with other medications to avoid and control seizures (epilepsy). This medicine normally used to avoid headaches that are migraine decrease how often you get them. Topiramate will not treat a migraine headache once it does occur. As directed by your doctor (such as by taking pain medication, lying down in a dark room) if you get a migraine headache, treat it.
Topiramate is recognized as an anticonvulsant or drug that is antiepileptic.
Read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start taking topiramate and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant questions, pose a question to your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without meals as directed by your doctor, usually twice daily. Swallow the tablets entire since breaking them may leave a bitter taste. To avoid kidney rocks from forming, drink plenty of liquids while taking this medication unless your doctor instructs you otherwise.
Dosage is based on your condition that is medical and to treatment. For children, the dosage is also based on weight. Your doctor will increase your dose gradually to lower your threat of adverse effects. For a few conditions, you may begin therapy with topiramate once daily at bedtime and gradually increase your dosage to twice a day. It may take several weeks or months to achieve the best dose for you also to get the full benefit from this medication.
Just take this medicine regularly to obtain the benefit that is most from it. Each day to help you remember, take it at the same times. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this medication is suddenly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.
Inform your doctor if your condition persists or if it worsens.
Tiredness, drowsiness, dizziness, loss in coordination, tingling of the hands/feet, loss of appetite, bad style in your lips, diarrhea, and dieting may occur. Mental problems such as confusion, slowed thinking, difficulty focusing or paying attention, nervousness, memory problems, or speech/language problems may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your pharmacist or doctor promptly.
Remember your physician has recommended this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious adverse effects.
Inform your physician appropriate away if any of these unlikely but serious adverse effects occur: signs of kidney stones (such as for example serious back/side/abdominal/groin pain, fever, chills, painful/frequent urination, bloody/pink urine).
a small number of people who just take anticonvulsants for just about any condition (such as seizures, bipolar disorder, discomfort) may experience depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood dilemmas. Tell your physician straight away if you or your family/caregiver notice any changes that are unusual/sudden your mood, thoughts, or behavior including signs of depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, ideas about harming your self.
Tell your doctor straight away if some of these rare but serious side-effects happen: rapid breathing, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, bone tissue pain, broken bones, loss of consciousness, uncommon bleeding/bruising.
Hardly ever, topiramate may cause a really serious eye problem, generally within 1 month of starting treatment. If untreated, this eye problem can lead to blindness that is permanent. Consequently, get help that is medical away if some of these adverse effects occur: sudden eyesight modifications (such as decreased vision, blurred eyesight), eye pain/redness.
This medication can rarely cause a serious metabolic problem (high amount of ammonia in the blood), particularly if you may also be taking acid that is valproic. Tell your doctor right away if you experience sudden/unexplained tiredness, vomiting, or mental changes (such as decreased alertness).
A very serious reaction that is allergic this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you notice any outward symptoms of a severe allergic response, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is simply not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In america -
Call your medical practitioner for medical advice about negative effects. You may possibly report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking topiramate, tell your physician or pharmacist in the event that you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergy symptoms or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist for more details.
A certain metabolic imbalance (metabolic acidosis), long-term diarrhea, a diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates (ketogenic diet), brittle bones (osteoporosis) before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: a certain eye problem (narrow angle glaucoma), kidney problems (such as kidney stones), liver problems, mental/mood problems (such as depression, thoughts of suicide), lung/breathing problems.
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or impair your judgment. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
This medicine may make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using hot tubs. When the climate is hot, take in a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool down and rest. Get medical help right away when you have a fever that doesn't disappear completely, mental/mood changes, hassle, or dizziness.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dental practitioner about all of the products you use (including prescribed drugs, nonprescription drugs, and organic services and products).
Kiddies may be much more sensitive to the relative side effects of this drug, especially weakened bones, slowed growth rate, and decreased sweating. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.
Older adults may be much more sensitive to the relative side-effects of this medication, especially dizziness. Dizziness can increase the chance of falling.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used just whenever clearly required. It might harm an unborn baby. Discuss the use of reliable forms of birth control with your doctor (see also Drug Interactions section). You may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy if you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think. If you're taking this drug to deal with seizures, note that untreated seizures are a serious condition that can harm both a pregnant woman and her developing fetus, therefore do not stop using this medication unless directed by your medical professional.
This medicine passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing baby. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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