Phenytoin is used to prevent and get a grip on seizures (also known as an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic medication). It works by reducing the spread of seizure activity in the brain.
OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this drug which can be not detailed in the approved labeling that is professional the drug but that may be prescribed by the wellness care professional. Make use of this medication for a condition that is listed in this section only if it was so prescribed by the health care professional.
This drug may also be used to treat certain types of irregular heartbeats.
Read the drugs Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start taking phenytoin and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant questions, ask your medical practitioner or pharmacist.
Simply take this medication by mouth often once a or in divided doses as directed by your doctor day. You may take it with food if stomach upset occurs. Simply take this medicine with a glass that is full8 ounces or 240 milliliters) of water unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
Swallow the capsules whole. Don't use the capsules if discolored.
Use this medication regularly in order to have the most benefit from it. It is important to take all doses on time to keep the amount of medicine in your body at a level that is constant. Remember to make use of it during the same time(s) each day. Dosage is based on your condition that is medical and to therapy.
Products which contain calcium (age.g., antacids, supplements) and tube-feeding that is nutritionalenteral) products may decrease the absorption of phenytoin. Do not take these products at the time that is same your phenytoin dosage. Separate fluid nutritional products at least 1 hour before and 1 hour after your phenytoin dose, or as directed by your doctor.
Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your physician. Seizures may become worse if the medication is suddenly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually reduced.
Inform your doctor if your condition does not improve or worsens.
Headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, feeling of spinning, drowsiness, difficulty resting, or nervousness might occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your pharmacist or doctor promptly.
Phenytoin may cause swelling and bleeding associated with the gums. Massage your gum tissue and brush and floss your teeth frequently to minimize this dilemma. See your dentist regularly.
Remember that your particular doctor has prescribed this medicine she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have serious adverse effects.
Tell your doctor straight away if some of these unlikely but side that is serious happen: unusual eye movements, lack of coordination, slurred speech, confusion, muscle twitching, double or blurred vision, tingling of the hands/feet, facial changes (e.g., bloated lips, butterfly-shaped rash around the nose/cheeks), excessive hair growth, increased thirst or urination, unusual tiredness, bone or joint, easily broken bones.
A small amount of those who take anticonvulsants for any condition (such as seizure, manic depression, pain) may experience depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood problems. Tell your doctor appropriate away in the event that you or your family/caregiver notice any changes that are unusual/sudden your mood, ideas, or behavior including signs of depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, thoughts about harming yourself.
For males, in the extremely unlikely event you have an agonizing or extended erection lasting 4 or more of their time, stop applying this drug and seek instant medical help, or permanent problems could take place.
Get medical help straight away if any of these rare but very serious adverse effects occur: uncontrolled muscle movements, muscle weakness/pain, bloated glands (lymph nodes), stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes or skin, dark urine, easy bruising/bleeding, indications of infection (e.g., persistent sore throat or fever), chest pain, difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat.
a serious reaction that is allergic this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction include: rash, high temperature, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This just isn't a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your medical professional for medical advice about side effects. You may report adverse effects to Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your physician for medical advice about unwanted effects. You may report effects that are side Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before using phenytoin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other anti-seizure medications (e.g., carbamazepine, ethotoin, phenobarbital, ethosuximide, trimethadione); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more information.
Before making use of this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: alcohol use, specific blood conditions (porphyria), diabetes, liver condition, lupus, folate or supplement B-12 deficiency (megaloblastic anemia).
This drug might make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages. Alcohol might additionally affect your blood degrees of this medication.
Tell your physician you are using phenytoin prior to surgery or any procedure which makes you unable to go by mouth.
If you have diabetes, this drug may increase your blood sugar levels. Check your blood (or urine) glucose level frequently, as directed by your doctor. Promptly report any results that are abnormal directed. Your medicine, fitness plan, or diet may have to be adjusted.
Vitamin D supplements could be required to avoid weakening for the bones (osteomalacia). Discuss this with your doctor.
During pregnancy, this medicine is utilized only once demonstrably needed. It could damage an baby that is unborn. However, since untreated seizures are a condition that is serious can harm both a pregnant woman and her unborn baby, do perhaps not stop taking this medication unless directed by your physician. You may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy if you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think. Since birth control pills, patches, implants, and injections may not work if taken with this particular medicine (see also Drug Interactions section), talk about reliable forms of birth control along with your doctor.
Phenytoin passes into breast milk. Check with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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