See also Warning section.
Promethazine is used to avoid and treat nausea and vomiting associated to certain conditions (such as before/after surgery, motion sickness). It is also used to treat allergy symptoms such as rash, itching, and nose that is runny. It could be used to help you feel sleepy/relaxed before and after surgery or even to help certain pain that is narcotic (such as meperidine) work better. It may also be used for a short time to treat a runny nose due to the cold that is common.
Promethazine is an antihistamine and works by blocking a particular natural substance (histamine) that the body makes during an reaction that is allergic. Its other effects (such as anti-nausea, calming, pain relief) may work by affecting other natural substances (such as for example acetylcholine) and by acting directly on specific parts of mental performance.
Cough-and-cold items haven't been shown to be safe or effective in children younger than 6 years. Therefore, do not use this product to treat symptoms that are cold children more youthful than 6 years unless specifically directed by the doctor. Some products (such as long-acting tablets/capsules) are perhaps not recommended for use in kids younger than 12 years. Pose a question to your pharmacist or doctor for more details about using your item safely.
These services and products usually do not cure or shorten the length associated with the common cold and may cause serious side effects. To decrease the risk for serious side effects, carefully follow all dosage guidelines. Usually do not offer other medication that is cough-and-cold might contain the same or similar ingredients (see also Drug Interactions section). Ask the doctor or pharmacist about other ways to relieve cough and cold symptoms (such as drinking enough fluids, using a humidifier or saline nose drops/spray).
Read the Patient Suggestions Leaflet if available from your own pharmacist before you start taking promethazine and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, frequently 2 to 4 times day-to-day. The first dose of promethazine should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before beginning travel for motion sickness. For allergies, this medication may be taken once daily at bedtime to avoid drowsy that is being the afternoon. When used before surgery, promethazine may be taken the before or just before the procedure and may be continued afterwards as directed night.
If you should be using the liquid form of this medication, very carefully measure the dose making use of a measuring device/spoon that is special. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the dose that is correct.
The dosage is situated on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. In children, the dosage can also be according to weight. Never increase your dosage and take this medication more often than directed.
Tell your doctor if your trouble does not enhance or if it worsens.
Drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, blurred vision, or mouth that is dry occur. If some of these impacts persist or aggravate, tell your medical professional.
To alleviate mouth that is dry suck (sugarless) difficult candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, drink water, or use a saliva replacement.
Understand that your medical practitioner has recommended this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious unwanted effects, including: fainting, sluggish heartbeat, mental/mood changes (such as hallucinations, nervousness, irritability, restlessness, confusion), unusual/uncontrolled movements (such as fixed upward stare, neck twisting, tongue movements), shaking (tremor), difficulty urinating, easy bleeding/bruising, signs of infection (such as fever, persistent sore throat), severe stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes/skin.
Get help that is medical away if you have any very serious part results, including: slow/shallow breathing, seizures.
This medication may rarely cause a really serious condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Get medical help right away if you have got any of the after symptoms: fever, muscle stiffness/pain/tenderness/weakness, severe tiredness, serious confusion, sweating, fast/irregular heartbeat, dark urine, change in the total amount of urine.
An extremely serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away in the event that you notice any observeable symptoms of a serious allergic attack, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), serious dizziness, difficulty breathing.
This really is not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In america -
Call your doctor for medical advice about side impacts. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You may report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See section that is also warning.
Before taking promethazine, inform your doctor or pharmacist in the event that you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or to any other phenothiazines (such as prochlorperazine); or. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist to get more details.
Before applying this medicine, inform your medical professional or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, anti snoring), blood/immune system problems (such as bone marrow depression), high force into the eye (glaucoma), heart problems (such as irregular heartbeat), high blood pressure, liver condition, particular brain disorders (such as neuroleptic malignant syndrome, Reye's syndrome, seizures), stomach/intestine problems (such as blockage, ulcer), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty urinating (as an example, due to enlarged prostate).
This drug may allow you to be dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
Before having surgery, tell your physician or dentist about all these products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription medications, and herbal products).
Promethazine may make you more responsive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun visibility, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Utilize a sunscreen and wear clothing that is protective out-of-doors.
This medicine may make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using hot tubs. When the weather is hot, drink a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool down and sleep. Get medical help right away when you yourself have a fever that does not go away, mental/mood changes, headache, or dizziness.
Liquid products may contain sugar and/or alcohol. Caution is advised if you have diabetes, liver disease, or any other condition that requires you to limit/avoid these substances in your diet. Ask your pharmacist or doctor about making use of this product safely.
Children may be much more painful and sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially slowed breathing (see alert section). This drug can cause excitement in often young children instead of drowsiness. Special care should be taken when using this medication in children who have lost a complete lot of fluid (dehydration), those who have actually a family history of unexpected infant death problem (SIDS), and those people who are hard to wake up from sleep.
Older grownups may be more sensitive to the relative side effects of this drug, especially drowsiness, confusion, constipation, or trouble urinating. Drowsiness and confusion can increase the risk of falling.
During pregnancy, this medication ought to be used just whenever obviously needed. Discuss the risks and benefits along with your physician.
Its unknown if promethazine passes into breast milk. It might have effects that are undesirable a nursing baby. Consult with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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