Acetazolamide is used to stop and reduce the symptoms of altitude sickness. This medication can decrease headache, tiredness, nausea, dizziness, and shortness of breath that can occur when you climb up quickly to high altitudes (generally above 10,000 feet/3,048 meters). It is particularly useful in situations when you cannot make a slow ascent. The most effective ways to prevent altitude illness are climbing slowly, stopping for 24 hours during the climb to permit the human body to fully adjust to the new height, and taking it effortless the first one to two days.
This medication is also utilized along with other medicines to treat a specific style of eye problem (open-angle glaucoma). Acetazolamide is a "water pill" (diuretic). It decreases the quantity of fluid that can build in the eye. It is also utilized to decrease a buildup of body fluids (edema) caused by congestive heart failure or certain medications. Acetazolamide can work less well over time, so it is usually used only for a short period.
It has additionally been used with other medications to treat particular types of seizures (petit mal and unlocalized seizures).
OTHER USES: This area contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but which may be prescribed by your health care professional. Make use of this medication for a condition that is listed in this section only if it was therefore prescribed by your health care pro.
Acetazolamide can also be used to deal with periodic paralysis.
If you are taking the tablets, take this medication by mouth, usually 1 to 4 times daily or as directed by your doctor. If you are taking the capsules that are long-acting take this medication by mouth, usually 1 or two times daily or as directed by your medical practitioner. Swallow the long-acting capsules whole. Do not open, break, or chew the capsules. Doing so can destroy the long action of the drug and may also increase side effects.
Acetazolamide may be taken with or without food. Drink plenty of fluids unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Your dosage is based on your condition that is medical and to therapy.
To prevent altitude illness, start taking acetazolamide 1 to 2 days before you start to climb. Continue taking it after you have reached your final altitude while you are climbing and for at least 48 hours. You may have to continue taking this medication while residing at the altitude that is high control your symptoms. If you develop severe altitude sickness, it is important that you climb down as quickly as possible. Acetazolamide will not protect you through the serious effects of severe altitude illness. (See also Precautions.)
If you are taking this drug for another condition (e.g., glaucoma, seizures), use this medicine regularly as directed to have the benefit that is most from it. To help you remember, take it at the time( that is same) each day. Taking your last dose in the evening that is early help prevent you from having to get up in the middle of the night to urinate. Consult your pharmacist or doctor when you have questions about your dosing schedule.
Do not increase or decrease your dosage or stop using this medicine without first consulting your doctor. Some conditions could become worse when this drug is abruptly stopped. Your dosage may gradually need to be decreased.
Whenever used for a protracted period, this medication may not work also and may require different dosing. Your doctor shall be monitoring your condition. Tell your physician if your problem does not enhance or if it worsens (e.g., more frequent seizures).
This drug might reduce the potassium levels in your blood. Your doctor may recommend that you eat foods rich in potassium (e.g., bananas or orange juice) while you are taking this medication. Your physician may also prescribe a potassium supplement for you personally to simply take during treatment. Consult your doctor for lots more information.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, and an elevated amount of urine may occur, specially throughout the very first few days as your body adjusts to the medication. Blurred vision, dry mouth, drowsiness, loss of appetite, stomach upset, headache and tiredness may also occur. If any of these symptoms persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have serious adverse effects.
Tell your doctor right away if some of these very unlikely but serious side-effects occur: increased human body hair, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, unusual tiredness, persistent nausea/vomiting, severe pain that is stomach/abdominal.
Seek immediate medical attention if some of these unlikely but very severe adverse effects occur: effortless bleeding/bruising, fast/irregular heartbeat, signs of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat), mental/mood changes (age.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), severe muscle mass cramps/pain, tingling for the hands/feet, blood into the urine, dark urine, painful urination, yellowing of the eyes/skin.
an extremely serious reaction that is allergic this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may include: blisters/sores in the mouth, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), serious dizziness, trouble breathing.
This really is maybe not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You may report effects that are side Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report effects that are side Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking acetazolamide, tell your medical professional or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which could cause allergy symptoms or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
This medication should not be used when you have specific medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your medical practitioner or pharmacist if you have actually: adrenal gland problems (e.g., Addison's disease), low blood degrees of salt or potassium, severe kidney disease, severe liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis), certain metabolic problems (e.g., hyperchloremic acidosis).
Before using this medicine, tell your medical professional or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (e.g., emphysema, chronic bronchitis), high degrees of calcium, dehydration, diabetes mellitus, gout, narrow-angle glaucoma, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
While this medicine can help you get used to high altitudes and help you tolerate quick climbs, it cannot completely prevent serious altitude sickness. Apparent symptoms of serious altitude sickness may add: severe shortness of breath, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), lack of coordination/staggering walk, extreme tiredness, serious headache.
That you descend to a lower altitude as quickly as possible to prevent serious, possibly fatal problems if you develop any of these symptoms, it is very important.
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit beverages that are alcoholic.
To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when increasing from a seated or position that is lying.
This drug may rarely make your blood sugar amounts rise, causing or worsening diabetes. Tell your doctor appropriate away in the event that you develop symptoms of high blood sugar such as increased thirst or tiredness.
If you already have diabetes, be sure to check on your glucose levels regularly. This medication may also cause your blood sugar levels to fall. Symptoms of low blood sugar include fast/pounding heartbeat, shakiness, hunger and sweating. It really is good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar. You don't have these reliable forms of glucose, eat a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink a glass of orange juice or non-diet soda to quickly raise your blood sugar level if you are in a situation where. Inform your doctor right away concerning the effect.
This medicine might make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors.
This medication really should not be utilized in children less than 12 because it may influence growth that is normal.
This medication is used with caution into the elderly because they may become more sensitive to its negative effects, especially low potassium or sodium levels.
This medication ought to be used during pregnancy only if demonstrably needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your physician.
This medicine passes into breast milk but is unlikely to harm a nursing infant. Consult your medical practitioner before breast-feeding.
Airmail: 2-3 weeks, EMS: 3-8 business days.