This medication is employed to prevent people who have been addicted to certain drugs (opiates) from taking them again. It is used as part of a complete treatment program for drug abuse (e.g., compliance monitoring, counseling, behavioral contract, lifestyle changes). This medication must not be properly used in people currently taking opiates, including methadone. Doing so can cause withdrawal that is sudden.
Naltrexone belongs to a class of drugs referred to as opiate antagonists. It works within the brain to prevent effects that are opiatee.g., feelings of wellbeing, pain relief). Additionally decreases the need to take opiates.
This medicine can be used to treat alcohol abuse. It can help people drink less alcohol or altogether stop drinking. It decreases the desire to drink liquor whenever used with cure program that includes counseling, support, and changes in lifestyle.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food, often 50 milligrams once daily or because directed by the doctor. This medicine may be given as part of a scheduled program where a health care professional will watch you take the medication. In this case, your doctor may order a higher dose (100-150 milligrams) to be taken every 2-3 days to make it easier to schedule visits that are clinic. Naltrexone can be taken with meals or antacids if stomach upset occurs.
A urine test should really be done to test for current drug use that is opiate. Your doctor might give you another medication (naloxone challenge test) to check on for opiate usage. Do not use any opiates for at least 7 days prior to starting naltrexone. You may want to stop particular opiate drugs (particularly methadone) 10 to 14 times before starting naltrexone.
Dosage is dependant on your medical condition and response to treatment. Your doctor may start you at a lower dose and monitor you for any relative side-effects or withdrawal signs before increasing your dose. Take this medication as directed. Usually do not raise your dose, take it more often, or stop taking it without your doctor's approval.
Use this medication regularly to get the benefit that is most from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day.
Tell your medical professional in the event that you begin utilizing drugs or alcohol once more.
Nausea, headache, dizziness, anxiety, tiredness, and sleep problems might occur. In a small number of people, mild opiate withdrawal symptoms may occur, including abdominal cramps, restlessness, bone/joint pain, muscle aches, and nose that is runny. If some of these effects persist or aggravate, inform your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Remember that your medical practitioner has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious adverse effects.
Unexpected withdrawal that is opiate can happen within seconds after using naltrexone. Tell your doctor right away if any of these withdrawal signs occur: abdominal cramps, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, joint/bone/muscle aches, mental/mood changes (e.g., anxiety, confusion, extreme sleepiness, visual hallucinations), runny nose.
Naltrexone has rarely caused serious liver disease. The risk is increased when bigger doses are used. Discuss the risks and benefits together with your physician. Stop making use of this medicine and inform your doctor right away if you develop symptoms of liver disease, including: persistent nausea/vomiting, severe stomach/abdominal pain, dark urine, yellowing eyes/skin.
An extremely severe reaction that is allergic this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you notice any observeable symptoms of a serious hypersensitive reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This isn't a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your medical professional for medical advice about side effects. You may possibly report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your medical professional for medical advice about side effects. You might report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before using naltrexone, tell your doctor or pharmacist in the event that you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which could cause allergy symptoms or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before by using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: current or use that is recentwithin the final 7 to 14 days) of any type of opioid drug (such as morphine, methadone, buprenorphine), kidney disease, liver disease.
You need to carry or wear medical identification stating which you are taking this drug so that appropriate treatment are given in a medical emergency.
This medication may make you dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid beverages that are alcoholic.
After stopping naltrexone treatment, you may be more sensitive to lower doses of opioids, upping your danger of possibly side that is life-threatening from the narcotic (e.g., decreased breathing, loss of consciousness).
This medication blocks the consequences of opiate drugs (including heroin) and comparable drugs (opioids). However, big doses of heroin or narcotics can overcome this block. Wanting to overcome this block is very dangerous and may cause injury that is serious loss of consciousness, and death. Be sure you completely understand and accept the risks and benefits of using this medication. Follow your medical professional's instructions closely.
Before having surgery or any medical treatment, inform your physician or dentist that you are taking this medication.
During maternity, this medication should really be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits along with your physician.
It is really not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Check with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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