Metformin is used with a proper diet and exercise program and possibly along with other medicines to control high blood sugar. It is used in patients with type 2 diabetes. Controlling high blood sugar helps in avoiding kidney harm, blindness, nerve issues, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetic issues may lessen your risk also of a heart attack or swing. Metformin works by assisting to restore your body's proper response towards the insulin you naturally produce. It decreases the amount of sugar your liver makes and your stomach/intestines absorb.
OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this medication which are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the medication but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Make use of this drug for a condition which is listed in this part as long as it's been so prescribed by your quality of life care professional.
Metformin may be used with lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise to prevent diabetes in people who are at high risk for becoming diabetic. It is also used in women with a certain disease of the ovaries (polycystic ovarian syndrome). Metformin may make menstrual cycles more regular and increase fertility.
Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking metformin and each time. If you have any relevant questions, consult with your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth as directed by your physician, usually 1-3 times on a daily basis with meals. Drink lots of liquids while taking this medicine unless otherwise directed by your doctor.
The dosage is situated on your medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). To reduce your risk of side effects (such as upset stomach), your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a low dose and gradually increase your dose. Follow your physician's instructions carefully.
Take this medication frequently in order to get the benefit that is most from it. Remember to use it at the same times each time.
If you're already taking another anti-diabetic drug (like chlorpropamide), follow your doctor's instructions carefully for stopping/continuing the old drug and metformin that is starting.
Always check your blood sugar regularly as directed by your medical practitioner. Record the total results, and share them with your doctor. Tell your doctor if your blood sugar measurements are too high or too low. Your dosage/treatment may must be changed.
Nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, diarrhea, weakness, or a taste that is metallic the mouth may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist quickly. If stomach symptoms return later (after taking the same dose for several days or weeks), tell your doctor right away. Stomach symptoms that occur after the first days of your treatment might be signs of lactic acidosis.
Keep in mind that your doctor has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Metformin does not usually cause blood that is low (hypoglycemia). Low blood sugar may occur if this drug is prescribed with other anti-diabetic medications. Talk with your doctor or pharmacist about if the dose of your other diabetic s that are medication( needs to be lowered.
Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar include sudden sweating, shaking, fast heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or tingling hands/feet. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar. If you don't possess these reliable kinds of glucose, rapidly raise up your blood sugar by eating a quick source of sugar such as dining table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink fruit juice or soda that is non-diet. Tell your doctor about the reaction right away. Low blood sugar is more likely if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually exercise that is heavy or do not consume sufficient calories from food. To greatly help prevent blood that is low, eat meals on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals. Check with your pharmacist or doctor to discover what you need to do if you skip a meal.
Symptoms of high bloodstream sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increased urination, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, rapid breathing, and fruity breath odor. If these symptoms occur, inform your doctor right away. Your doctor may need to adjust your diabetes medication(s).
Stop taking this medicine and tell your doctor right away if this extremely serious adverse effect occurs: lactic acidosis (see Warning section).
a really serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you see any of the after symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble respiration.
It is not a list that is complete of adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Within the United States -
Phone your medical practitioner for medical advice about side impacts. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about negative effects. You may possibly report adverse effects to wellness Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See section that is also warning.
Before taking this medication, inform your physician or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to metformin; or. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergies or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: severe breathing problems (such as obstructive lung disease, severe asthma), blood problems (such as for instance anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency), kidney condition, liver disease.
Before having surgery or any X-ray/scanning procedure using injectable iodinated contrast material, tell your physician that you are taking this medication. You will need to temporarily stop this medication before the right time of your surgery/procedure. Consult your physician for further instructions.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all of the services and products you employ (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and organic products).
You could experience blurred eyesight, dizziness, or drowsiness as a result of extremely low or high blood sugar levels. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely.
Limit alcohol while using the this medication because it can increase your threat of lactic acidosis and developing blood sugar that is low.
Tall fever, "water pills" (diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide), too much sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting could cause lack of too much body water (dehydration) while increasing your danger of lactic acidosis. Stop using this medicine and tell your physician straight away when you yourself have extended vomiting or diarrhea. Be sure to drink sufficient fluids to avoid dehydration unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
It might be harder to control your blood sugar when your body is stressed (such as due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Consult your doctor because increased stress may require a noticeable change in your therapy plan, medications, or blood sugar evaluation.
Older adults could be at greater risk for negative effects such as for instance low blood sugar or lactic acidosis.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used just whenever clearly required. Discuss the risks and benefits together with your medical practitioner. Your doctor may direct you to use insulin instead with this product during your maternity. Follow your physician's instructions carefully.
Metformin can cause alterations in the menstrual cycle (promote ovulation) and increase the risk of becoming pregnant. Consult your pharmacist or doctor about the employment of reliable birth control while using this medicine.
Metformin passes into breast milk in small quantities. Consult with your physician before breast-feeding.
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